Islamabad the capital of Pakistan

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15. Jul 2021
Islamabad the capital of Pakistan


Islamabad is that the capital town of Asian country, and is federally administered as a part of the Islamabad Capital Territory. The national capital is that the ninth-largest town in Pakistan, whereas the larger Islamabad–Rawalpindi metropolitan space is that the country's fourth-largest with a population of regarding three.1 million, engineered as a planned town within the Nineteen Sixties to exchange Karachi as Pakistan's capital, Islamabad is noted for its high standards of living, safety, and well-endowed foliage.


Islamabad is found at thirty three.43°N 73.04°E at the northern fringe of the Pothohar tableland and at the foot of the Margalla Hills in the national capital Capital Territory. Its elevation is 540 metres (1,770 ft), the trendy capital and therefore the ancient Gakhar town of metropolis kind a populated area, and area unit ordinarily mentioned because of the urban area.

To the northeast of town lies the colonial-era hill station of Murree, and to the north lies the Haripur District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Kahuta lies on the southeast, Taxila, Wah Cantt, and Attock District to the northwest, Gujar Khan, Rawat, and Mandrah on the southeast, and therefore the metropolis of metropolis to the south and southwest. national capital is found a hundred and twenty kilometers (75 mi) south southwest of Muzaffarabad, 185 kilometres (115 mi) east of metropolis, 295 kilometers (183 mi) north northwest of Lahore, and three hundred kilometers (190 mi) WSW of Srinagar, the capital of the Indian territory of Jammu and geographical region.

The city of national capital expanses a vicinity of 906 sq. kilometers (350 sq mi)., an extra two,717 sq. kilometers (1,049 sq mi) space is thought because the such that space, with the Margala Hills within the north and northeast. The southern portion of town is Associate in Nursing undulating plain. it's drained by the Kurang stream, on that the Rawal Dam is found.




Islamabad is home to several migrants from alternative regions of Pakistan and encompasses a cultural and nonsecular diversity of respectable antiquity. thanks to its location on the Pothohar highland, remnants of ancient cultures and civilizations like Aryan, Soanian, and Indus vale civilization will still be found within the region. A 15th-century Gakhar fort, Pharwala Fort is found close to Islamabad. Rawat Fort in the region was built by the Gakhars in the sixteenth century and contains the grave of the Gakhar chief, swayer Sarang Khan.


Faisal Mosque is an important cultural landmark of the city and attracts many tourists daily. Faisal Mosque built-in 1986, was named after the Saudi Arabian King, Faisal ibn Abdel Aziz al-Saud bin Abdul Aziz. It conjointly serves the purpose of accommodating twenty-four,000 Muslims that pray at this mosque. Faisal ibn Abdel Aziz al-Saud house of God that is designed by the Turks and supported by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia includes handwriting of Quranic Versus on the walls of the house of God.

One of the landmarks for tourists is the Pakistan Monument inbuilt 2007 located in the national capital. This tourist attraction represents the patriotism and sovereignty of Pakistan. The design is shaped like a dome with petal-shaped walls that are engraved with arts portraying Pakistan’s other tourist landmarks like the Badshahi Mosque, Minar-e-Pakistan, and Lahore Fort.
Islamabad holds some of Pakistan's most prestigious museums such as Lok Virsa Museum, Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage Shakarparian Park, and prominent galleries such as the National Art Gallery and Gallery 6.

The Islamabad Museum contains many relics and artifacts dating back to the Gandhara period of the region, an intriguing fusion of Buddhist and Graeco-Roman designs. The living culture of Islamabad and Pakistan is best explored at Lok Virsa Museum, as well as the Institute of Folk and Traditional Heritage in Shakarparian Park.


Islamabad boasts the best accomplishment rate in West Pakistan at ninety-eight and has a number of the foremost advanced instructional institutes within the country. an outsized range of public and personal sector instructional institutes are gifts here. the upper education institutes within the capital are either federally hired or administered by non-public organizations and the majority of them are recognized by the upper Education Commission of West Pakistan. High faculties and schools are either connected with the Federal Board of Intermediate and education or with the united kingdom university's education boards, O/A Levels, or IGCSE. per Academy of instructional coming up with and Management's report, in 2009 there have been a complete of 913 recognized establishments in Islamabad (31 pre-primary, two non-secular, 367 primaries, 162 middle, 250 high, seventy-five higher secondary and intermediate schools, and twenty-six-degree colleges). There ar seven teacher coaching institutes in Islamabad with a complete enrollment of 604,633 students and 499 colleges.


Islamabad has pertained to major objectives around the planet through Islamabad International Airport. The airport is significant in Pakistan and is found outside Islamabad in Fateh Jang.

Public transport

Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus near The Centaurus
The Rawalpindi-Islamabad Metrobus is a 24 km (14.9 mi) bus rapid transit system that serves the dual cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan. It uses dedicated bus lanes for routes its route covering 24 bus stations. This service covers a huge distance from the city Saddar, Rawalpindi to Pak-Secretariat, Islamabad. This service is terribly reliable and consistent, and also the labor force likewise as students are using this government-provided service on a routine. it's reduced the time consumption by reducing the route. currently, this public utility is being extended to a lot of areas in the capital of Pakistan that embrace areas close to G-13 and H-12. Work is being done to keep it on the Cashmere main road.

Private transport
People use non-public transport like Taxis, Careem, Uber, Bykea, and SWVL for local journeys. In March 2016, Careem became functional in Islamabad and Rawalpindi with taxi services.


M-2 superhighway is 367 metric linear unit (228 mi) long and connects the capital of Pakistan and metropolis. M-1 Motorway connects Islamabad with Peshawar and is 155 km (96 mi)twenty-six of Pakistan is joined near to metropolis through the Faizabad Interchange, which encompasses a daily traffic volume of about 48,000 vehicles.



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